Agreement On Agriculture Under Wto

3. All deliveries of the goods in question that went on the basis of a draft concluded prior to the introduction of the additional duty under paragraph 1 (a) and paragraph 4 are exempt from such an additional duty, provided they can be counted in the import volume of the goods in question the following year to trigger the provisions of paragraph 1 point a). Domestic support regimes for agriculture are governed by the agriculture agreement, which came into force in 1995 and was negotiated during the Uruguay Round (1986-1994). The long-term goal of the AoA is to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system and to initiate a reform process through negotiations on promised commitments and safeguards and by defining more effective and operationally effective rules and disciplines. Agriculture is therefore special, because the sector has its own agreement, the provisions of which are given priority. 6. With regard to perishable and seasonal products, the above conditions are applied in such a way as to take into account the particular characteristics of these products. In particular, shorter periods in paragraph 1, point (a) and paragraph 4 can be used for the corresponding periods during the reference period, and different reference prices for different periods may be used in accordance with paragraph 1, point b). The Agreement on Agriculture Support currently allows Europe and the United States to spend $380 billion a year on agricultural subsidies. The World Bank rejected the EU-US argument that small farmers need protection and pointed out that more than half of EU subsidies to the Common Agricultural Policy go to 1% of producers, while in the US, 70% of subsidies go to 10% of their producers, mainly agricultural enterprises. [4] These subsidies flood global markets with sub-priced raw materials, drive down prices and under-rate producers in poor countries, a practice known as dumping.

In the run-up to the 1986 GATT Ministerial Conference in Punta del Este, Uruguay, agricultural lobbies in industrialized countries have vehemently opposed agricultural trade-offs. In this context, the idea of excluding “trade-neutral” production and subsidies from WTO commitments was first proposed in 1987 by the United States and soon replicated by the EU. [2] By guaranteeing continued support to farmers, it has also neutralized the opposition. In exchange for the integration of agriculture into WTO disciplines and the obligation to reduce trade-distorting subsidies in the future, developed countries could maintain subsidies that result in “no more than minimal trade distortion” in order to achieve different public policy objectives. [1] WTO information on agriculture, including notifications from WTO members Video: How to use AGIMS 5.



© 2021 Mahrs Schoppman, M.A., LMFT